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Watercolour Step by Step Demonstrations

'Smoke & Light / Whitby Harbour'

 

This painting was inspired by a winter morning overlooking Whitby harbour. The reference material was 'cropped' fairly dramatically, to produce a cameo scene which I felt captured the light and atmosphere more successfully.

Materials Used:

Paper - Arches 300lb rough

Colours - Raw Sienna, Burnt Sienna, Permanent Magenta, Cobalt Violet, Cobalt Blue, Cerulean Blue, Ultramarine Blue.

Masking Fluid

Step 1:

The image was drawn out using a 2B pencil. Masking fluid was applied to the highlights and also to 'mid tone' areas which are surrounded by 'darks'.

Step 2:

The following washes were applied to damp paper:

Raw Sienna, Cobalt Blue, Cobalt Violet for the sky and distance which merge seamlessly together. Cerulean, Cobalt Violet, Raw Sienna plus Cobalt Violet and Cobalt Blue plus Permanent Magenta were introduced for the water and 'mid distant' harbour structures. Cerulean plus Cobalt Violet, Raw Sienna plus Cobalt Violet, Cobalt Blue plus Burnt Sienna, Cobalt Blue plus Permanent Magenta and two mixes of Ultramarine Blue plus Burnt Sienna (a 'warm' and 'cool' version) were used in the harbour wall and its dark reflections, the roadway and the buildings on the right hand side.

The paper was then allowed to completely dry.

Step 3:

 

The masking fluid was removed from the distance and also the lighter areas in the water. Ensure that the paper is completely dry and that you use a clean finger.

Mixes of Cobalt Blue plus Permanent Magenta, Cobalt Blue plus Burnt Sienna and Ultramarine Blue plus Burnt Sienna were then used to increase the darks on the bridge.

Step 4:

 

The remaining masking fluid was removed and the following colours introduced to the buildings on the right hand side:

Cobalt Blue plus Permanent Magenta, Cobalt Blue plus Burnt Sienna and two mixes of Ultramarine Blue plus Burnt Sienna (a 'warm' and 'cool' version).

 

Step 5:

 

The lower section of the roadway was tinted with 'wet in wet', pale washes of Raw Sienna, Cobalt Violet and Cerulean.

Details such as lighting columns, handrails, figures etc were painted. Some of the sharp edges and 'pure' whites, which resulted from using masking fluid, were softened using washes of Cobalt Violet and Raw Sienna.

Finally, to add atmosphere, smoke was carefully lifted out using a damp brush and kitchen towel.

 

(The completed painting)

'Smoke & Light / Whitby Harbour'

 

The Demonstration Page

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